Chinese tier 2 PV module utilization fell to record low in Q4'11
The average production capacity utilization rate of Chinese Tier 2 crystalline PV module manufacturers fell to just 35% in Q4?11 according to the latest quarterly report from IMS Research and is forecast to fall even lower in Q1?12.
As a result of high inventory levels and a weak outlook for demand in 2012, many suppliers closed down production lines, or suspended production entirely, resulting in utilization falling to the lowest level IMS Research has recorded. This is a sharp contrast to a year ago, when utilization rates of these suppliers hit 80% in Q4?10.
In 2010, most Chinese Tier 2 suppliers rapidly expanded their capacity as demand boomed, and these capacity expansions continued in 2011 with the expectation of another strong year. With global installations growing by ?just? 25% in 2011, compared to 160% in 2010, these rapid capacity expansions led to a severe over capacity. As a result, total PV module production capacity in 2012 will be nearly double the true market demand.
Low utilization has also impacted on PV module prices. In an attempt to clear high inventory levels, Chinese Tier 2 suppliers have aggressively decreased their prices and the average price from Chinese Tier 2 suppliers in Q4?11 was 37% lower than in Q4?10. Despite the rapid decline of Chinese Tier 2 pricing, according to IMS Research?s Monthly PV Module Price Tracker, distributor pricing for these modules was 16% higher than supplier pricing in December, as local distributors capitalized on end-of-year rushes in major European markets.
IMS Research predicts that utilization of Chinese Tier 2 suppliers will begin to rise again in Q2?12, due to reduced inventory levels, most suppliers halting capacity expansions, and some suppliers exiting the market.
Detailed analysis of supply and demand dynamics and pricing data in this market is available from IMS Research?s quarterly PV module cell wafer polysilicon report and monthly module price tracker.
Posted by Gloria Llopis | 2012-01-09